Both Scotch as well as whiskey are spirits with a high alcohol content. Even though Scotch is sometimes known as Scotch whisky it’s not identical to whiskey.
What is Scotch?
Scotch is an alcohol-based beverage (known as a spirit) created from water and malted barley; although there are businesses that produce it with malted barley or malted rye. They produce Scotches only in Scotland, specifically in Islay, Speyside, Highlands, Campbeltown, and Lowland. The Scotch ages for at least three years within oak barrels often referred to as oak casks.
There’s also a variation of Scotch called peaty Scotch, peated Scotch, smoky dram, or smokey Scotch. The peated taste comes from the process of germination of barley.
5 types of Scotch
There are a variety of Scotch whisky Each has distinct flavor and manufacturing process. Here are some of the most popular types of Scotch:
1. Blended Scotch whisky: grain Scotch whisky and malt Scotch whisky are blended to create blended Scotch whisky.
2. Cask-strength Scotch: This type of Scotch is poured straight from the cask to a bottle. There are no additional steps to follow, and no additional flavors.
3. Scotch eighteen-year-old whisky as the name suggests this Scotch is aged for 18 year in barrels of oak. There are many varieties and flavors available.
4. Single-grain Scotch whisky: To make single-grain Scotch whiskies the entire process has to occur at one distillery. This variation has a base of malted and water as well as malted and unmalted cereals making an unmixed malt.
5. Single-malt Scotch whisky: This variant comes from only one distillery and makes use of malted barley as the mix. Ten percent of Scotch whiskys are single malts, making single-malt whisky rare.
What Is Whiskey?
A spirit as well, whiskey is an alcoholic beverage created from fermented grain mash, which is around 40 percent alcohol per volume (ABV). The word whiskey is in the Gaelic “uisce beatha” or “uisge beatha,” meaning “water of life.” Whiskies (or whiskeys) are available in a variety of kinds based on the grain mash, the location of production, aging method, and other elements.
Distilleries create whiskey in stills, and then let it age until at least the age of two years. If a whiskey ages for less than four years, the producers have to print an age statement on the label. Whiskey producers use white oak barrels or sherry casks (casks filled with sherry) as well as charred sherry barrels, or any other variation. Whiskey is also referred to as “whisky” in some parts around the globe.
6 Types of Whiskey
Distilleries produce whiskey across the globe making variations based on local variations. Here are some popular types of whiskey:
1. Bourbon whiskey Bourbon whiskey American whiskey is mainly from Kentucky. It has to contain at minimum fifty-one percent corn in the form of the various grains that comprise its mashing. The producers of America United States have to make it in charred oak barrels. The barrels that are specifically bourbon-infused provide oaky scents to the spirit.
2. Canadian whisky: Canadian whisky has at the very least forty percent ABV, or alcohol by volume. It must be distilled in Canada in order to get a Canadian designation and undergo aging for a minimum of 3 years. There are times when Canadian whisky has a label calling it Rye Whisky (sometimes called rye whiskey).
3. Irish whiskey Bottled exclusively by Ireland, Irish whiskey has malt as its base, cereal grain, and barley. Also, the whiskey has a 3-year ageing period and has an atypical taste compared to other whiskeys.
4. Japanese whisky: Some Japanese distilleries employ the Japanese oak cask. While Japanese whisky is bottled and bottling process in Japan, the product does not have to be a product of the country.
5. Scotch whisky: This form of whisky originates from Scotland and can be malt whisky, grain whisky, or a mix of malt and grain whisky. Scottish whiskies have to age for three years in a oak barrel.
6. Tennessee whiskey: Distillers pass Tennessee whiskey, which is a variation on bourbon, through sugar maple charcoal before maturing it.
Scotch vs. Whiskey: 4 Differentialities Between the Spirits
Scotch whiskey and whisky are distinct alcohol-based spirits that are often confuse for each other. There are four distinct areas in which both differ:
The process of aging: Scotch is matured in oak barrels which have seen previously used for wine or other spirits. Whiskey is typically stored in white oak barrels with charred wood for maturation.
Flavor: Scotch is smoother than whiskey. This is a result of how the distillery processes the grains.
Whiskey is a spirit that is distilled into a beverage that is made from barley grain, wheat or corn. Scotch whisky was initially made solely using malted barley. But since the eighteenth century, whisky producers have also used malted wheat and malted rye.
Production Scotch whisky producers occasionally malt the grains before fermentation. In order to malt their grains distillers soak the grains into the water (in in the case with barley, grain will sprout) and this prepares the starches for fermentation into sugars.
How do I drink Scotch or Whiskey
There are many different methods to drink Scotch and whiskey, with various flavor profiles formed due to the distillation and fermentation processes. Certain people prefer to drink Scotch in rocks. In this case the rocks are frozen cubes of ice.
An old fashioned is a popular cocktail composed of whisky, sugar cube, Angostura bitters, rye and orange twist. Another popular bar drink is the Rob Roy, which is an essentially the same as a Manhattan however, instead of containing rye whiskey, it is made with Scotch whisky. It is served with vermouth, bitters, and a maraschino in glasses of martini.
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